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Melasma

The causes of uneven skin tone

Although wrinkles are the number 1 aging concern amongst women, the skin tone plays a role of great importance in the youthfulness of one's appearance. Actually, research has shown that uneven skin tone can add up to 10 to 15 years to a woman's perceived age.

Uneven skin tone, or hyperpigmentation, is the result of an over production of melanin. Melanin is what gives skin its color, helps to protect it against damaging UV light and absorbs heat from the sun. However, an overproduction of melanin can lead to a mottled, uneven skin tone and is primarily a result of the following:

  • Sun exposure: When skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. Brown spots appear as a result of too much melanin being produced to help protect skin from UV light.
  • Hormones: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone stimulation. It is most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant (which is why it's also known as the "pregnancy mask") or taking contraceptives. It can also be a reaction to cosmetics or medications.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Darkening of a scar such as acne lesions or skin injuries that have been exposed to the sun.

Treatments for Melasma

Below are a few solutions that are available to treat uneven skin tone, from medical grade skin care products to non-invasive procedures:

HPG Peels
Photorejuvenation (LHE)

Recommended product:

HPG Melanage 2 Cream – This cream is compounded, at the Sammamish Center, specifically for each individual patient's needs in order to offer the best results for your skin. The components of the cream are Retinoic Acid 1%, Lactic Acid, and Hydroquinone. The Hydroquinone level can be anywhere from 2% to 10%, depending upon the severity of the hyperpigmentation.



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